Approaches to Justice
In the collective life of humankind, justice manifests as a compass in decision making, protecting resources from being diverted towards extraneous values, and protecting groups of people from the oppression of a vocal and seemingly-powerful minority.
Justice cannot, then, be left to the “invisible hand” that is said to characterize our economic free market; cannot be facilitated through lobbying and partisan advocacy that characterizes our politics; cannot be a quixotic endeavor of struggling against a chosen injustice, one after another, that characterizes our humanitarianism. Instead, justice requires mature approaches.
1) If the purpose of justice is the appearance of unity, then its means and methods must be unified by definition – there cannot be a contradiction between ends and means. Justice should be applied through a consultative approach, through cooperation, selflessness, and harmony. All conflict and contention must be avoided as justice is applied and unity sought. Obviously, one interest group cannot contest and overpower others in order to create unity.
2) Justice calls for universal participation – after all, humanity is one, and its crises and victories are shared by all. So shall be its development. This requires the empowerment of all individuals to become active protagonists of their own development. Each individual is noble, each individual has latent capacities that can be manifest through education, and it is just that each individual contributes towards the betterment of the world. One segment cannot determine development values and assign roles to the rest.
3) Response to oppression is met through foundational and fundamental changes to both human consciousness and societal structure. It is extremely naive to think that tweaking aspects of the current thought and order will bring about justice and unity. And it is utterly ineffective to narrow in on and battle one injustice at a time in order to satisfy a desire for heroic quest. Interconnectedness and oneness govern reality. Justice must be approached at the level of principle, with sustained action, and long-term vision. Principles inform practicality, not vice versa.