All human beings have spiritual capacities that can be revealed to contribute to humanity’s development and betterment. This process of empowerment occurs through access to knowledge, both self-knowledge and knowledge of reality. This knowledge is in two repositories of science and religion – for capacity building is concerned both with the qualities of the mind and the unique endowments of the soul. For example, seeking unbiased truth is a scientific skill, but this skill’s contribution to civilization’s advance requires detachment and truthfulness.
Thus, the advancement of civilization is propelled through these two systems of knowledge, religion and science. Both evolve over time as humanity has evolved. Both are practiced collectively by communities. Both operationalize underlying assumptions. Religion discerns values through Divine revelation, that define the goals of humankind’s advancement; while science is the instrumentality through which the mind explores reality and attains these goals.
Science without religion looses proper direction and, as we have seen, results in a destructive materialism. Religion without science looses connection with reality and, as we have seen, becomes blind imitation and superstition.
What are some instances now or throughout history when science and religion have been in harmony?